Middle Ground Fallacies
The middle ground fallacy is also known as the fallacy of golden mean and moderation fallacy. It essentially refers to the fallacy of presuming that the middle ground of any two extremes is correct. This line of reasoning is actually fallacious as it does not always follow that a position must be correct because it exists in the middle of any two extremes. Examples of middle ground fallacies include:
1. The president said that James Lebron is better than any other player in the world. The Chicago Bulls team coach said that his players are better than any other player in the world. The truth is therefore that James Lebron must be playing for Chicago Bulls. But he is not!
2. James lebronSimon points that Lebron James currently plays for Cleveland Cavaliers while peter says that he plays for Miami Heat. Therefore, the truth has to be someplace in between.
Gabbler fallacy is typically committed when one assumes that a departure from what is expected to take place in the long term or on overage will actually be solved in the short term. This is fallacious because one truly assumes that some result is ought to be due because the preceding results depart from what is actually expected in the long term or on average. Examples of Gambler fallacies include:
3. James Lebron asks, “who is the fairest of us?” His friend replies, “We are not at a catwalk.” “But don’t I look like one.” Lebron replies.
4. Lebron scores in the in the field. His wife says she is not aware because he does not score at home. She hopes that he just started scoring just recently.
Post Hoc Fallacies
Post Hoc fallacy is committed when a person actually concludes that an event causes another because the planned cause occurred earlier than the proposed effect. This is fallacious because people do not take care when they reason. Examples of Post Hoc may include:
5. Lebron does not play against the New York Knicks because of an ankle injury. The New York Knicks beat Lebron’s team. The New York Knicks wishes that Lebron gets sick every time he is playing against them.
6. Is James Lebron a bird, wonders an opponent player aloud. His teammate answers, maybe, I saw him scoring from the sky.
The slippery slope refers to a fallacy where one claims that an incident must unavoidably trail from another without any arguments for the certainty of the event on table. This is fallacious because there are no strong reasons to consider that an event must unavoidably follow from another with no arguments that are to be attached to such a claim. Slippery slope fallacies may include:
7. A Chicago Bulls player warns his fellow players, “we need a goalkeeper to stop Lebron from scoring or else we are out of the league.”
8. The Chicago Bulls coach warns his players, “we should not put Lebron under pressure; under pressure he will yield more scores.” “You can never give anyone pressure, or they will cook you.”